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The scarcity of freshwater resources has become a global problem. The development of desalination has gradually become a trend. Desalination research is to obtain fresh water sourced from abundant seawater. 70% of the earth is covered by sea water. Using convenient methods to turn seawater into freshwater can greatly alleviate the problems of water depletion and pollution. Desalination has become an important supplement to industrial water and the main water supply source for coastal cities, playing an important role in sustainable economic and social development.
Increasing the increment of water resources is an important means to solve the shortage of water resources. Based on the excellent barrier properties of graphene, the use of graphene can effectively improve the barrier to salt ions in seawater to achieve the purpose of seawater desalination. Graphene oxide film can achieve this function. After the graphene oxide film in the water environment interacts with water, a capillary channel of about 0.9 nm is formed, allowing ions or molecules with a diameter of less than 0.9 nm to pass quickly. Through effective control of the graphene film layer spacing, the precise screening of pure water and salt ions is realized, and the efficiency of seawater desalination is improved. In addition to seawater desalination, graphene materials are also used to purify drinking water, reduce the replacement of filter elements by water purification equipment, and save water purification costs.
Figure 1. (a) 3DGN fabrication procedure and (b) working process of the 3DGN-based solar desalination device. (Kim K, et al. 2018)
Figure 2. Flexible salt-rejecting photothermal paper based on reduced graphene oxide and hydroxyapatite nanowires for high-efficiency solar energy-driven vapor generation and stable desalination. (Xiong Z. C, et al. 2020)
Alfa Chemistry focuses on the application of graphene and has a variety of graphene technologies, which can provide various supports for seawater desalination research projects. We have currently studied various problems encountered in the application of graphene in seawater desalination and designed effective solutions. According to the specific properties of graphene materials prepared by different methods, they are specifically applied to graphene films for seawater desalination.
Graphene modification, graphene transfer service and other technologies.
SEM,TEM, AFM, Raman spectroscopy, XPS, ICP-OES, ICP-MS, EDS and other detection platforms.